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Arp / Taeuber-Arp / Bill

Allianzen

Kunstmuseum

Chronology

1925 /
14–25 Novem­ber: 

Ex­hib­i­tion La pein­ture sur­réal­iste in the Gal­lery Pierre, Paris: First ex­hib­i­tion of the Sur­real­ists around André Bre­ton.

1–21 Decem­ber:

Ex­hib­i­tion L’Art d’au­jourd’hui, or­gan­ised by the­Galer­ie de la Chambre syn­dicale des beaux-arts in Paris: Hans Arp and Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp are rep­res­en­ted with works.

1928 /
Au­tumn:

Group Z is foun­ded in Des­sau by Max Bill and Hans Fisc­hli. Fur­ther mem­bers: An­nemarie Hen­nings, Hilde Rantz­sch, Clem­ens Rösel­er, Freddo Bor­to­lu­zzi.

1929 / 
Spring:

The Group Cercle et Carré is foun­ded in Paris by Michel Seu­phor and Joaquìn Tor­rès-Gar­cia.

6 Oc­to­ber until 3 Novem­ber:

Ex­hib­i­tion Ab­strakte und Sur­real­istische Malerei und Plastik in the Kun­sthaus Zurich: with works by Hans Arp and Georges Van­tonger­loo.

Au­tumn:

Found­a­tion of the (only briefly ex­ist­ing) group Die Augen in Zurich by Max Bill and Hanns R. Welti.

1930 /
15 March:

Pub­lic­a­tion of the first issue of the magazine Cercle et Carré (3 is­sues).

18 April until 1 May:

First and only in­ter­na­tion­al ex­hib­i­tion of the group Cercle et Carré in the Galer­ie 23, 23 rue la Boétie, Paris: 44 par­ti­cipants, in­clud­ing Hans Arp, Wassily Kand­in­sky, Le Cor­busier, Piet Mon­dri­an, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Georges Van­tonger­loo, Hanns R. Welti.

April:

The group Art Con­cret is foun­ded by Theo van Does­burg, Jean Hélion, Otto Carlsund and Léon Tu­tun­d­jean.

April:

First and only issue of the magazine Art Con­cret with the "Mani­festo of Con­crete Art" by Theo van Does­burg.

Sum­mer:

Dis­sol­u­tion of the group Cercle et Carré.

8 Oc­to­ber until 10 Novem­ber:

Ex­hib­i­tion Produk­tion in Paris in the Kun­st­salon Wolfs­berg, Zurich.

1931 /
15 Feb­ru­ary:

Found­a­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion in Paris by Au­guste Herb­in and Georges Van­tonger­loo. Fur­ther memers are a.o. Kurt Se­lig­mann, Al­bert Gleizes, František Kupka, Hans Arp, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Léon Tu­tun­dji­an und Georges Valmi­er. At times, the group counts over 400 mem­bers in Europe and over­seas.

Spring / Sum­mer:

Pub­lic­a­tion of the last issue of the magazine De Stijl (spe­cial issue in hon­our of van Does­burgs after his death).

Winter:

The group Der Sch­ritt weit­er is foun­ded in Bern by Tonio Ci­o­lina, Max von Müh­len­en, Hans Seiler and Al­bert Linde­g­ger.

1932 /

Pub­lic­a­tion of the magazine Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion. Art non fig­ur­at­if No. 1, Paris. The board of the Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion group is now com­prised of the fol­low­ing artists: Hans Arp, Al­bert Gleizes, Jean Hélion, Au­guste Herb­in, František Kupka, Léon Tu­tun­dji­an, Georges Valmi­er and Georges Van­tonger­loo.

Septem­ber:

The Bauhaus Des­sau is closed by the Na­tion­al So­cial­ist gov­ern­ment and moves to Ber­lin.

1933 /

Pub­lic­a­tion of the magazine Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion. Art non fig­ur­at­if No. 2, Paris.

Janu­ary:

In Ger­many, the Na­tion­al So­cial­ists come to power under the lead­er­ship of Adolf Hitler.

10 May:

Group33 is foun­ded in Basel on the same day that burn­ing of books take place in Ger­many.

Sum­mer:

Due to in­creas­ing pres­sure fromthe Na­tion­al So­cial­ists, the Bauhaus in Ber­lin is closed and dis­con­tin­ued by Mies van der Rohe.

22 Decem­ber:

The Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion group opens its ex­hib­i­tion space in Paris, 44, Av­en­ue de Wa­gram: A total of 39 group mem­bers are show­ing their works on this oc­ca­sion.

1934 /
19–31 Janu­ary:

First ex­hib­i­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion with Serge Brignoni, Al­ex­an­der Calder, Hans Fisc­hli, Fritz Glarner, Fritz Huf, Main­ie Jel­let, Hans Rudolf Schiess, Georges Van­tonger­loo, Al­berto Var­gas, Gérard Vul­li­amy.

2–14 Feb­ru­ary:

Second ex­hib­i­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion with Etienne Béothy, Henri Jean Clo­son, Louis Fernan­dez, Bar­bara Hep­worth, John War­dell Power, En­rico Pram­po­lini, Kurt Se­lig­mann, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp and Georges Valmi­er.

16–28 Feb­ru­ary:

Third ex­hib­i­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion with Hans Erni and Otto Fre­und­lich.

2–16 March:

Fourth ex­hib­i­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion with Hans Arp, Ben Nich­olson, Max Bill, Hans Erni, Au­guste Herb­in, Mar­low Moss, Wolfgang Paalen, Paul Rou­bil­lotte, Lajos Tiha­nyi, Paule Vézelay.

30 March until 12 April:

Fifth ex­hib­i­tion of the group­Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion with Louis Conne, Otto Fre­und­lich, Al­bert Gleizes, Jean Al­bert Gorin, Jelinek, Taro Okamoto, Al­fred Reth, Uli Schoop and Theo van Does­burg.

April:

Sixth ex­hib­i­tion of the group­Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion as a solo ex­hib­i­tion with John War­dell Power.

30 April until 16 May:

Sev­enth ex­hib­i­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion with Henri Jean Clo­son and Etienne Béothy.

1 June:

Hans Arp and Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp leave the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion. Pub­lic­a­tion of the magazine Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion. Art non fig­ur­at­if No. 3, Paris. Leo Leuppi founds the Groupe Suisse Ab­strac­tion et Sur­réal­isme artists' as­so­ci­ation in Zurich.

11 Oc­to­ber until 4 Novem­ber:

Ex­hib­i­tion Ab­strakte Malerei und Plastik in the Kun­sthaus Zurich with works by Hans Arp.

1935 /

Pub­lic­a­tion of the magazine Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion. Art non fig­ur­at­if No. 4, Paris.

24 Feb­ru­ary bis 31 March:

Ex­hib­i­tion These, An­ti­these, Syn­these in the Kun­st­mu­seum Luzern ini­ti­ated by Hans Erni. Hans Arp and Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp are rep­res­en­ted with works.

1936 /

Pub­lic­a­tion of the magazine Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion. Art non fig­ur­at­if No. 5, Paris.

13 June until 22 July:

Hans Arp, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp and Max Bill par­ti­cip­ate in the ex­hib­i­tion Zeit­prob­leme in der Sch­weizer Malerei und Plastik in the Kun­sthaus Zurich, ini­ti­ated by Leo Leuppi. For the first time, a rep­res­ent­at­ive se­lec­tion of sur­real­ist, con­crete and ab­stract paint­ers and sculptors from Switzer­land are united in one ex­hib­i­tion. The cata­logue in­cludes Max Bill's state­ment on "con­crete design".

Dis­sol­u­tion of the group Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion.

1937 /
16 Janu­ary until 14 Feb­ru­ary:

The ex­hib­i­tion Kon­strukt­iv­isten in the Kun­sthalle Basel ded­ic­ates a sep­ar­ate room to Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp.

Feb­ru­ary:

Pub­lic­a­tion of the magazine Plastique Plastic No. 1, Paris / New York, which is ded­ic­ated to Kasimir Malewitsch.

29 April:

Found­a­tion of the group Al­li­anz, Ver­ein­i­gung mo­d­ern­er Sch­weizer Künst­ler by Leo Leuppi, Richard Paul Lohse Hans Rudolf Schiess, Wal­ter Bod­mer and Hans Erni in Zurich. Most of the mem­bers were identic­al to the par­ti­cipants in the Zurich ex­hib­i­tion Zeit­prob­leme in der Sch­weizer Malerei und Plastik of 1936.

Sum­mer:

Pub­lic­a­tion of Plastique Plastic No. 2, Paris / New York, on the topic of Di­men­sion­isme by the Hun­gari­an writer Charles Sir­ato. The issue is ac­com­pan­ied by the Al­li­ance Mani­festo signed by 22 artists.

19 July until 30 Novem­ber:

Ex­hib­i­tion En­t­ar­tete Kunst in the Hofgarten­arkaden, Mu­nich.

1938 / 9 Janu­ary until 2 Feb­ru­ary:

Ex­hib­i­tion Neue Kunst in der Sch­weiz in the Kun­sthalle Basel: First group ex­hib­i­tion of the Al­li­anz group with Otto Abt, Al­fred Bar­to­letti, Max Bill, Wal­ter Bod­mer, Serge Brignoni, Theo Eble, Hans Erni, André Evard, Hans Fisc­hli, Maria Clara Friedrich, Robert S. Gess­ner, Ca­m­ille Graeser, Willy Hege, Karl Hinden­lang, Anna In­der­maur, Er­hard Jac­oby, Paul Klee, Leo Leuppi, Ver­ena Loewens­berg, Ernst Maass, Max von Moos, Wal­ter Moeschlin, Hans Rudolf Schiess, Kurt Se­lig­mann, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Ger­ard Vul­li­amy, A. Weis­skopf, Wal­ter K. Wiemken. Cata­logue with texts by Leo Leuppi and Wal­ter J. Moeschlin and with an in­tro­duc­tion by Lucas Lichten­han, Cata­logue design and poster: Max Sulzbach­ner.

Spring:

Pub­lic­a­tion of Plastique Plastic No. 3, Paris / New York. Topic: Ab­stract art in the USA.

1939 /
Winter:

Pub­lic­a­tion of Plastique Plastic No. 4, Paris / New York, with col­lect­ive novel L’homme qui a perdu son sque­lette.

Spring / Sum­mer:

Pub­lic­a­tion of Plastique Plastic No. 5, Paris / New York with artists from the Al­li­anz group and the con­tinu­ation of L’homme qui a perdu son sque­lette.

1 Septem­ber:

The in­va­sion of Po­land by the Ger­man Wehr­macht marks the be­gin­ning of the Second World War.

1940 /
May:

In­va­sion of France by the Ger­man Wehr­macht.

Decem­ber:

Pub­lic­a­tion Al­man­ach neuer Kunst in der Sch­weiz, pub­lished by the Al­li­anz, Ver­ein­i­gung mo­d­ern­er Sch­weizer Künst­ler, Zurich. Edit­ing: Leo Leuppi and Richard P. Lohse with il­lus­tra­tions by: Otto Abt, Hans Aeschbach, Al­fred Bar­to­letti, Max Bill, Wal­ter Bod­mer, Serge Brignoni, Theo Eble, Hans Erni, Lili Erzinger, André Evard, Hans Fisc­hli, Maria Clara Friedrich, Robert S. Gess­ner, Fritz Glarner, Ca­m­ille Graeser, Willy Hege, Hans Hin­ter­reit­er, Anna In­der­maur, Wal­ter Kern, Paul Klee, Wal­ter Klinger, Le Cor­busier, Leo Leuppi, Ver­ena Loewens­berg, Richard Paul Lohse, Ernst Maass, Wal­ter Jo­hannes Moeschlin, Max von Moos, Otto Nebel, Meret Op­pen­heim, Hans Rudolf Schiess, Kurt Se­lig­mann, Franz Stirn­i­m­ann, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Otto Tschumi, Gérard Vul­li­amy, Adolf Weis­skopf, Wal­ter Kurt Wiemken. Texts by Max Bill, Siegfried Gie­di­on, Wal­ter Kern, Le Cor­busier, Leo Leuppi, Di­eter Roth, Kurt Se­lig­mann, Gérard Vul­li­amy. Ty­po­graphy: Richard P. Lohse.

1941 /

Found­a­tion of the pub­lish­ing house Al­li­anz-Ver­lag. The man­age­ment is taken over by Max Bill. Col­lec­tion of poems Jean Arp, poèmes sans prénoms with three draw­ings by Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, pub­lished by Al­li­anz-Ver­lag.

Port­fo­lio 5 con­struc­tion­en + 5 com­posi­tion­en with ten ori­gin­al graph­ic sheets by Max Bill, Serge Brignoni, Hans Erni, Hans Fisc­hli, Hans Hin­ter­reit­er, Max Huber, Leo Leuppi, Ver­ena Loewens­berg,Richard Paul Lohse and Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, pub­lished by Al­li­anz-Ver­lag.

Port­fo­lio Max Bill, 10 ori­gin­al-lithos, pub­lished by Al­li­anz-Ver­lag. Ex­hib­i­tion Al­li­anz, Ver­ein­i­gung mo­d­ern­er Sch­weizer Künst­ler in the Kun­sthaus Zurich with Otto Abt, Al­fred Bar­to­letti, Max Bill, Wern­er Bis­chof, Wal­ter Bod­mer, Serge Brignoni, Theo Eble, Hans Erni, Lili Erzinger, Hans Fisc­hli, Robert S. Gess­ner, Ca­m­ille Graeser, Marthe Hékimi, Karl Hinden­lang, Hans Hin­ter­reit­er, Max Hu- ber, Anna In­der­maur, Wal­ter Kern, Paul Klee, Wal­ter Klinger, Jean Kohler, Le Cor­busier, Leo Leuppi, Ver­ena Loewens­berg, Richard Paul Lohse, Ernst Maass, Max von Moos, Wal­ter Moeschlin, Meret Op­pen­heim, Petra Petit­pi­erre, Hans R. Schiess, Jean Pierre Schmid, Jürg Spiller, Chris­ti­an Staub, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Otto Tschumi, Hugo Weber, Wal­ter Kurt Wiemken. Ex­hib­i­tion or­gan­isa­tion: Leo Leuppi and Max Bill. Cata­logue with a text by Max Bill. Ty­po­graphy of the cata­logue and the poster: Max Bill.

1943 /
1 Janu­ary:

Pulic­a­tion of the port­fo­lio 10 Ori­gin, second port­fo­lio ot the Al­li­anz-Ver­lag, with partly mul­ti­col­oured ori­gin­al graph­ic sheets by Hans Arp, Max Bill, Sonia Delaunay, César Domela, Wassily Kand­in­sky, Leo Leuppi, Richard P. Lohse, Al­berto Mag­nelli, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Georges Van­tonger­loo. With texts by Hans Arp, Max Bill, Wassily Kand­in­sky and Al­berto Mag­nelli.

Pub­lic­a­tion les derniers 9 dess­ins de soph­ie taeuber-arp with draw­ings by Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp and a fore­word by Gab­ri­elle Buf­fet-Pic­a­bia, pub­lished by the Al­li­anz-Ver­lag.

1944 /
18 March until 16 April:

Max Bill or­gan­ises the ex­hib­i­tion konkrete kunst at the Kun­sthalle Basel, in which Bill, Hans Arp and Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp are rep­res­en­ted. Max Bill pub­lishes the Bul­let­in ab­strakt/konkret for the Galer­ie des Eaux Vives in Zurich, which ap­pears from 1944 to 1945 in twelve is­sues (el­ev­en is­sues – no. 9/10 is one issue). The spe­cial issue 6 is ded­ic­ated to Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp and Hans Arp with a cover de­signed by Arp and graph­ics by Arp and Taeuber-Arp.

1945 /

Pub­lic­a­tion arp: 11 con­fig­ur­a­tions with el­ev­en ori­gin­al wood­cuts by Hans Arp and texts by Hans Arp, Max Bill and Gab­ri­elle Buf­fet- Pic­a­bia, pub­lished by the Al­li­anz-Ver­lag.

8 May:

Ger­many's ca­pit­u­la­tion.

1947 /

Hans Arp and Max Bill are work­ing on the ul­ti­mately un­pub­lished edi­tion of Plastique Plastic No. 6.

18 Oc­to­ber until 23 Novem­ber:

Ex­hib­i­tion Al­li­anz, Ver­ein­i­gung mo­d­ern­er Sch­weizer Künst­ler in the Kun­sthaus Zurich, with Otto Abt, Hans Aeschbach­er, Hans Arp, Al­fred Bar­to­letti, Max Bill, Wal­ter Bod­mer, Jo­hannes Burla, Ger­trud Debrun­ner, Theo Eble, Hein­rich Eich­mann, Lili Erzinger, Isa­belle Farner, Hans Fisc­hli, Heini Ganten­bein, Ca­m­ille Graeser, Diogo Graf, Hanseg­ger (i. e. Hans Egger), Paula Heuer, Hans Hin­ter­reit­er, J. J. Honeg­ger, Max Huber, Wal­ter Klinger, Jean Kohler, C. A. Laely, Le Cor­busier, Leo Leuppi, Ver­ena Loewens­berg, Richard P. Lohse, Ernst Maass, Charles Mey­stre, Wal­ter Moeschlin, Meret Op­pen­heim, Julia Ris, Hans R. Schiess, Kurt Se­lig­mann, Jürg Spiller, Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp, Otto Tschumi, Rudolf Urech, Max Von Moos, Gérard Vul­li­amy, Al­bert Währen, Nell Walden, Hugo Weber.

1954 /
23 Janu­ary until 24 Feb­ru­ary:

Ex­hib­i­tion Al­li­anz, Ver­ein­i­gung mo­d­ern­er Sch­weizer Künst­ler in the Helm­haus Zurich (last ex­hib­i­tion under the col­lect­ive term «Al­li­anz») with Hans Aeschbach­er, Max Bill, Wal­ter Bod­mer, Serge Brignoni, Elsa Burkhardt, Ger­trud Debrun­ner, Ar­thur Dil­li­er, Theo Eble, Lili Erzinger, Hans Fisc­hli, Robert Gess­ner, Jean Georges Gisiger, Diogo Graf, Ca­m­ille Graeser, Hans Hof­mann, Anna In­der­maur, Wal­ter Klinger, Jean Kohler, Leo Leuppi, Ver­ena Loewens­berg, Richard Paul Lohse, Hans­jörg Mattmüller, René Mon­ney, Petra Petit-pierre, Julia Ris-Eble, Di­eter Roth, Jürg Spiller, Rudolf Urech, Maria Vie­ira, Hugo Weber, Mar­cel Wyss. Cata­logue with a text by Leo Leuppi.

Room 1

Bio­grafi­en

Jean / Hans Arp

1886 /

Born on Septem­ber 16 in Stras­bourg. His fath­er has roots in Kiel, his moth­er in Alsace. He grows up bi­lin­gually. He would later use both his Ger­man first name Hans and his French name Jean.

1905-1907 /

Stud­ies at the Grossherzog­lich-Säch­s­is­che Kun­st­schule Wei­mar under Lud­wig von Hof­mann.

1908 /

At­tends the Académie Ju­li­an in Paris.

1911 /

Co-founder of the paint­ers' group Der Mo­d­erne Bund in Weg­gis (Lu­cerne) with Wal­ter Hel­big, Oskar Lüthy, Wil­helm Gimmi and Fritz Huf.

1912 /

Vis­its Wassily Kand­in­sky in Mu­nich; works on the al­man­ac Der Blaue Re­it­er; par­ti­cip­ates in his second ex­hib­i­tion.

1914 /

Vis­its the Werkbund ex­hib­i­tion in Co­logne, where he meets Max Ernst. Takes refuge in Paris be­fore the out­break of the First World War. Meets Guil­laume Apol­lin­aire, Max Jacob, Pablo Pi­cas­so, Robert and Sonia Delaunay, Amedeo Modigliani and oth­ers.

1915 /

Leaves France with his broth­er and flees to Switzer­land. Stays in As­cona, where he meets Ar­thur Segal and Adya and Otto van Rees. Moves to Zurich. Meets Soph­ie Taeuber and be­gins work­ing with her as artists.

1916 /

Co-founder of the Dada move­ment at the Cab­aret-Voltaire in Zurich to­geth­er with Hugo Ball, Emmy Hen­nings, Mar­cel Janco, Richard-Huelsen­beck, Tristan Tzara.

1917 /

First Dada ex­hib­i­tion at the Galer­ie Cor­ray in Zurich. Tem­por­ar­ily with Soph­ie Taeuber on Monte Ver­ità in As­cona.

1919 / 20 /

Re­peated vis­its to Co­logne. Act­ive in the Co­logne Dada move­ment to­geth­er with Max Ernst. Meets El Lis­sitzky and Kurt Schwit­ters on trips to Ber­lin. The volumes of po­etry Die Wolken­pumpe and Der Vogel Sel­b­dritt are pub­lished.

1922 /

Mar­ries Soph­ie Taeuber in Pura (Ti­cino).

1924 /

Moves to Paris. There he meets Piet Mon­dri­an.

1925 /

Par­ti­cip­ates in the Sur­real­ist ex­hib­i­tion at the Galer­ie Pierre and in the ex­hib­i­tion L'Art d'au­jourd'hui, both in Paris.

1926-1928 /

Col­lab­or­a­tion with Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp and Theo van Does­burg on the re­design of the Au­bette in Stras­bourg.

1929 /

Moves to the house de­signed by Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp in Clamart (Meud­on Val Fleury) near Paris.

1930 /

Start of full-round sculp­ture.

1931–1934 /

Mem­ber of the Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion group.

1937 /

Mem­ber of the Al­li­ance, as­so­ci­ation of mod­ern Swiss artists in Zurich.

1940 /

Flees from the in­va­sion of Ger­man troops in Paris via Nérac and Veyri­er to Grasse in the south of France.

1943-1945 /

Death of Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp. Resides in Zurich and Basel, then re­turns to Clamart. -Mainly po­et­ic pro­duc­tion.

1946 /

Lives with Mar­guer­ite Ha­gen­bach, partly in Clamart, partly in Basel.

1942 /

Tem­por­ary entry per­mit for Switzer­land.

1954 /

Grand Prize at the XXVII Venice Bi­en­nale for sculp­ture.

1959 /

Pur­chases the Ronco dei Fiori es­tate in Lo­c­arno-Sol­duno and mar­ries Mar­guer­ite Ha­gen­bach.

1963 /

Grand Prix Na­tion­al des Arts.

1965 /

To­geth­er with Mar­guer­ite Arp-Ha­gen­bach, he donates a sig­ni­fic­ant part of her art col­lec­tion to the city of Lo­c­arno. Ap­point­ment as hon­or­ary cit­izen.


Soph­ie Taeuber-Arp

1889 /

Born on Janu­ary 19 as the young­est child of the Ger­man phar­macist Emil Taeuber and the Swiss woman Taeuber-Krüsi in Davos-Platz.

1895 / 96 /

After the death of his fath­er (1891), his moth­er moves to Tro­gen with her four chil­dren.

1904 / 05 /

At­tends the Stauffach­er School in St. Gal­len.

1905 /

The moth­er and her two young­est chil­dren re­gain Swiss cit­izen­ship.

1905 / 06 /

At­tends the Mes­dames van Muy­den board­ing school in Vevey.

1907-1910 /

Train­ee at the draw­ing school of the St. Gal­len Mu­seum of In­dustry and Trade.

1910 /

From Oc­to­ber at­tends the teach­ing and ex­per­i­ment­al stu­di­os for ap­plied and fine arts (Deb­schitz School) in Mu­nich.

1912 / 13 /

Stud­ies at the Ham­burg School of Ap­plied Arts, re­turns to the Deb­schitz School in Mu­nich for the 1913 / 14 winter semester.

1914 /

Gradu­ates from the Deb­schitz School and re­turns to Switzer­land in Novem­ber after the out­break of the First World War; fu­ture place of res­id­ence is Zurich.

1915 /

From the sum­mer, at­tends Rudolf von Laban's School for the Art of Move­ment in Zurich and on Monte Ver­ità, As­cona; meets Hans Arp in Novem­ber.

1915-1931 /

Mem­ber of the Swiss Werkbund.

1916-1929 /

Teach­er of design and em­broid­ery at the em­broid­ery school of the arts and crafts de­part­ment of the Zurich trade school.

1917 /

At the end of March, dance per­form­ance at the open­ing of the Dada Gal­lery in Zurich, vari­ous dance per­form­ances with the School for the Art of Move­ment.    

Ma­ri­on­ettes and stage sets for a con­tem­por­ary ad­apt­a­tion of the play Le roi cerf by Carlo Gozzi;

Mem­ber of the as­so­ci­ation Das Neue Leben and par­ti­cip­ated in all four ex­hib­i­tions between 1918 and 1920.

1922 /

Mar­riage to Hans Arp and thereby ac­quires Ger­man cit­izen­ship.

1925 /

Jury mem­ber of the Swiss sec­tion of the Ex­pos­i­tion in­ter­na­tionale des arts décor­at­ifs et in­dus­tri­els mo­d­ernes in Paris.

1926-1928 /

Ac­quires French cit­izen­ship; in­teri­or design work, partly in col­lab­or­a­tion with Hans Arp, in Stras­bourg; she also works with Theo van Does­burg on the cre­ation of the Au­bette as a mul­ti­func­tion­al en­ter­tain­ment com­plex.

1929 /

Moves to the house she de­signed her­self in Clamart (Meud­on Val Fleury) near Paris; gives up ap­plied art, con­cen­trates on paint­ing and draw­ing.

1929-1935 /

In­teri­or design work in Paris and Ber­lin.

1930-1934 /

Mem­ber of the artist groups Cercle et Carré and Ab­strac­tion-Créa­tion in Paris.

1936-1938 /

Sculp­tur­al works in wood, some in col­lab­or­a­tion with Hans Arp.

1937 /

Be­comes a mem­ber of the Al­li­anz, an as­so­ci­ation of mod­ern Swiss artists in Zurich.

1937 /

Soph­ie Taeuber Arp presents the most ex­tens­ive col­lec­tion of works at the Con­struct­iv­ist ex­hib­i­tion at the Kun­sthalle Basel.

1937-1939 /

Pub­lic­a­tion of the in­ter­na­tion­al art magazine Plastique Plastic.

1940 /

Es­cape from the in­va­sion of Ger­man troops in Paris via Nérac and Veyri­er to Grasse in the south of France.

1942 /

Tem­por­ary entry per­mit for Switzer­land in Novem­ber.

1943 /

Ac­ci­dent­al death in Zurich on the night of Janu­ary 13-14.


max bill

1908 /

born in win­ter­thur on decem­ber 22nd, cit­izen of moos­seedorf (berne). fath­er erwin bill, vice sta­tion dir­ect­or, moth­er marie gei­ger, sis­ter of forest en­gin­eer and paint­er ernst samuel gei­ger.

1924-1927 /

train­ing as a sil­ver­smith at the school of arts and crafts in zurich.

1927 / 28 /

stud­ies at the bauhaus, col­lege of design, des­sau. teach­ers in­clude paul klee, wassily kand­in­sky and josef al­bers.

1929 /

moves to zurich. works as an ar­chi­tect, paint­er, graph­ic artist, sculptor (from 1933), pub­li­cist (from 1936) and product de­sign­er (from 1944).

1930 /

joins the swb (swiss werkbund).

1931 /

mar­ries the qual­i­fied con­cert cel­list and pho­to­graph­er binia spo­erri.

1932 /

design of the anti-fas­cist magazine -in­form­a­tion, ed­ited by ig­nazio si­lone.

1932 / 33 /

plan­ning and con­struc­tion of his house and stu­dio in zurich-höngg.

1932-1936 /

mem­ber of the ab­strac­tion-créa­tion group, paris.

1936 /

design of the swiss con­tri­bu­tion to the VI. tri­en­nale di mil­ano. text con­tri­bu­tion "konkrete gestal­tung" in the ex­hib­i­tion cata­log zeit­prob­leme in der sch­weizer malerei und plastik at the kun­sthaus zürich.

1937 /

joins the al­li­ance, as­so­ci­ation of mod­ern swiss artists.

1938 /

joins the ciam (con­grès in­ter­na­tion­al d'ar­chi­tec­ture mo­d­erne).

1941 /

found­a­tion of the al­li­anz pub­lish­ing house.ge­burt des sohnes jakob.

1944 / 45 /

lec­ture­ship in mould the­ory at the school of arts and crafts in zurich.

1947 /

found­a­tion of the i.p.c. (in­sti­tute for pro­gress­ive cul­ture).

1949 /

design of the ex­hib­i­tion die gute form on the oc­ca­sion of the swiss werkbund sample fair in basel.

1951 /

grand prize for sculp­ture at the bi­en­al de arte são paulo.

grand prize of the IX tri­en­nale di mil­ano.

1951-1956 /

co-founder and ar­chi­tect of the uni­ver­sity of design, ulm; from 1952 rect­or and head of the ar­chi­tec­ture and product design de­part­ment.

1956 /

joins the ger­man werkbund.

1959 /

joins the bsa (swiss ar­chi­tects as­so­ci­ation).

1960 /

or­gan­isa­tion of the ex­hib­i­tion con­crete art - 50 years of de­vel­op­ment at the helm­haus zurich.

1961-1964 /

chief ar­chi­tect of the "edu­ca­tion and design" sec­tor of the swiss na­tion­al ex­hib­i­tion expo 64 in lausanne, 1964.

1961-1968 /

mem­ber of the mu­ni­cip­al coun­cil of zurich.

1961-1969 /

mem­ber of the fed­er­al art com­mis­sion.

1967 / 68 /

con­struc­tion of his house and stu­dio in zu­mikon.

1967-1971 /

mem­ber of the swiss na­tion­al coun­cil (fed­er­al le­gis­lat­ive).

1967-1974 /

pro­fess­or at the state uni­ver­sity of fine arts, ham­burg, chair of en­vir­on­ment­al design.

1968 /

art prize of the city of zurich.

1972 /

elec­ted mem­ber of the academy of arts, ber­lin.

1985 /

chair­man of the bauhaus archiv e.v., ber­lin.

1988 /

death of binia bill.

1991 /

mar­riage to the art his­tor­i­an an­gela thomas.    

1993 /

praemi­um im­per­iale, japan. che­va­lier de la lé­gion d'hon­neur de la France.

1994 /

dr. sc. tech. h.c. of the fed­er­al in­sti­tute of tech­no­logy, zurich. dies on 9 decem­ber in ber­lin.

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